Showing posts with the label Remote Sensing applications

Geo-Spatial Data integrated with Landscape Metrics for Urban Sprawl Pattern Analysis

Remote Sensing data can be applicable in many fields as direct use to assess change for monitoring and in many models as input data for further analysis. Selection of remote sensing images to create spatial database is mainly depend on user requirement and these satellite image can be selected for spatial database generation based satellite image characteristics , which can be explained by below parameters of satellite image- Spatial Resolution Spectral Resolution Temporal Resolution and Radiometric Resolution Based on above property satellite images can be selected by user then basic image processing steps need to follow to create accurate spatial data Image Geometric corrections Image Radiometric corrections Image Enhancement Image Classification Accuracy assessment to accept spatial data for further analysis These spatial data created using satellite images can be used in simulation and mathematical model/method . In this article these spatial data are a

Geo-Spatial Technology for Wetland Mapping- Explanation with Case Study

Remote Sensing and GIS in Wetland Mapping Wetland mapping provides useful and important information for assessment of water resources and also for conservation and management of wetland.  Remote Sensing and GIS techniques have huge potential for mapping, monitoring and assessment of wetland resources. There are better options to the users for wetland mapping, due to advancement in remote sensing and GIS technologies.  As variety of remote sensing images are available with better and finder spatial and temporal resolution . As well as stereo satellite images are also available for effective and accurate mapping and estimation.  These high resolution and stereo images can be used to wetland database and integrated with GIS for further analysis such as change simulation, scenario based predictions for better planning and monitoring.  Wetland Mapping Process through Remotely Sensed Images   In the study the wetlands of Rajasthan falling in different ecological regions ranging from humi

Geo-Spatial Technology for Wetland Mapping

Inland Wetland Environment  Wetlands refer to lowlands covered with shallow and sometimes temporary or intermittent waters. Wetlands include marshes, swamps, bogs, wet meadows, potholes, shallow lakes and ponds.  However deep lakes, reservoir and permanent waters of streams are not considered as Wetlands. Hence we can say wetlands are transitional lands between terrestrial and aquatic systems where the water table is usually at or near the surface.  Importance of wetlands  Wetlands posses a great ecological significance in terms of, net primary production, micro-climatic control, ground water recharge and habitat to large number of flora and fauna. It also plays a vital role in nutrient recycling and storage as well as biodiversity conservation. Wetlands help to retain water during dry periods, thus keeping the water table high and relatively stable. Threats to Wetlands   Rapidly expanding human population, large scale changes in land use, different development projects and improper us

Geo-Spatial Technology to Assess Thermal Stress in Coastal Ecosystem

Introduction Thermal variations always affect the natural phenomenon whether it is land or sea. These variations bring changes on the earth features such as reduction in vegetation with increase in temperature.  At the same time these thermal variations affect the coastal ecosystem and its habitats. Coral reef , which is also the part of coastal ecosystem, will also change with the variation in temperature.  The ideal temperature for coral growth is 18 o C, however many coral species can survive in water temperatures between 23 o C-29 o C. Bleaching can be induced by short-term exposure (i.e., 1-2 days) to temperature elevations of 3 o C to 4 o C above normal summer ambient values or by long-term exposure (i.e., several weeks) at elevations of 1 o C to 2 o C.  The rise in sea surface temperature can cause stress on Coral reef ecosystem, which may result in coral bleaching followed by coral mortality.  The role of remote sensing and GIS become very significant in such type of mapping a


Our world is fighting with COVID-19, which is one of the biggest pandemic. Till the day, the lockdown is one and only effective solution implemented to control spreading of this disease.  The Corona Virus affected health system and economy of many developed and developing nation. It also disrupted supply chains, markets, industries of the economy of system. It is important to take timely measures to stop the spread of corona virus. Therefore role of government become very significant to generate real time information from ground and create awareness among public. There are several ways of monitoring COVID patients and its spreads. Even information technology can be used by implementing smart intelligence platforms and provide all information digitally for better management.  This also helps to health consultant and supporting staff as well as local authorities including police to manage the COVID affected areas. Geographical Information System (GIS) is one of the technolog

Geo-Spatial Technology for Groundwater Discharge Monitoring

In this article ground water discharge/seepage in to coastal ecosystem is discussed. As ground water discharge into the sea water, it brings changes in chemical as well as nutrients properties of sea water.  So Impact of ground water discharge into sea water is assessed using GIS and remote sensing technology to ascertain the affect on coastal ecosystem. The coastal ecosystems are affected by dissolved nutrient inputs from the circulating offshore water, river runoff, and groundwater seepage. Most of the research studies documented that groundwater seepage has a major influence on nutrient levels on the fringing reef in the areas where river input is not significant .  Groundwater indicates higher concentrations of land-derived nutrients than seawater and river water.  To estimate the submarine groundwater discharge, radon monitoring approach is quite promising. The use of radon as an submarine groundwater discharge tracer is related to the fact that radon activity in groundwate

Application of Geo-Spatial Technology in Coastal Studies

Remote Sensing and GIS is very useful tool for mapping historical changes in coastal system and to predict future conditions of coastal ecosystem. Benthic cover is one of the important feature of coastal ecosystem, it plays significant role in maintaining coastal activities and its environment.   Effective mapping of benthic cover provides many important information for maintain and development of coastal ecosystem . Mapping Changes in Benthic cover Coral reefs need our attention because of the high biodiversity and their key role in the tropical marine biosphere. These fragile ecosystems are under growing pressure from land-based sources of pollution as the result of increasing deforestation, soil loss, and excess use of fertilizers and pesticides.  Coastal coral reefs, like other marine coastal ecosystems are increasingly exposed to growing loads of nutrients, sediments and pollutants discharged from the land.  The deteriorating water quality from marine pollution and coasta

Application of Geo-Spatial Technology for Simulation and Prediction Perspective

The rapid urban growth of megacities causes severe social, economical and ecological issues. This growth can be nurtured in a sustainable way.  The challenge for land professionals is to provide the megacity ‘managers’, both political and professional, with appropriate ‘actionable intelligence’ that is up-to-date, citywide and in a timely manner to support more proactive decision making that encourages more effective sustainable development.   Spatial data has become indispensable for numerous aspects of urban development , planning and management.  The increasing importance of remote sensing and GIS has been due to recent strides in acquiring spatial information (especially satellite Images and positioning), management (utilizing geographic information systems and geo-spatial database tools) and access (witness the growth in web mapping services), as well as the development of analytical techniques such as high resolution mapping of urban environments .  These more efficient